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Kraken Daily Market Report for August 21 2020

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Overview


  • Total trading volume at $394.0 million, as some of the bigger coins had losses: Bitcoin (- 2.8%), Ethereum (-7%), and Chainlink (-14%)
  • OMG remains red-hot, up another 8.1% over USD on a day when most coins were in the red. The best gains of the day were with Augur and Augur V2 (REP V2), which were up 42% and 34%, respectively.

August 21, 2020 
 $394.0M traded across all markets today
 Crypto, EUR, USD, JPY, CAD, GBP, CHF, AUD 
XBT 
$11525. 
↓2.8% 
$141.2M
ETH 
$387.17 
↓7.0% 
$72.3M
LINK 
$13.770 
↓14% 
$44.3M
USDT 
$1.0000 
↓0.08% 
$34.1M
OMG 
$6.1533 
↑8.1% 
$25.8M
XTZ 
$3.3861 
↓12% 
$12.2M
XRP 
$0.2787 
↓4.7% 
$9.19M
BAT 
$0.3768 
↑4.2% 
$7.19M
REP 
$29.498 
↑42% 
$6.86M
ALGO 
$0.5315 
↓15% 
$6.8M
LTC 
$59.079 
↓5.9% 
$6.15M
DOT 
$3.0473 
↑4.2% 
$6.1M
ADA 
$0.1228 
↓8.6% 
$6.06M
OXT 
$0.5126 
↑3.3% 
$5.21M
EOS 
$3.2451 
↓5.8% 
$4.64M
BCH 
$282.60 
↓4.0% 
$4.57M
USDC 
$0.9999 
↓0.03% 
$4.45M
WAVES 
$3.1851 
↓18% 
$4.4M
XMR 
$92.275 
↓9.1% 
$3.7M
ATOM 
$5.6022 
↓11% 
$3.01M
QTUM 
$3.7783 
↓7.6% 
$2.98M
ICX 
$0.5571 
↑3.0% 
$2.61M
TRX 
$0.0242 
↓12% 
$2.01M
XLM 
$0.0992 
↓7.6% 
$1.74M
KAVA 
$3.8762 
↓15% 
$1.54M
ZEC 
$73.362 
↓7.1% 
$1.49M
DAI 
$1.0063 
↓0.4% 
$1.48M
LSK 
$1.8282 
↑4.3% 
$1.4M
KNC 
$1.6500 
↓3.6% 
$1.15M
COMP 
$169.13 
↓6.0% 
$1.03M
NANO 
$1.1924 
↓4.0% 
$958K
MLN 
$47.152 
↓14% 
$920K
DASH 
$86.694 
↓5.3% 
$706K
SC 
$0.0037 
↑2.3% 
$603K
PAXG 
$1943.2 
↓0.8% 
$567K
ETC 
$6.6162 
↓4.8% 
$342K
REPV2 
$27.572 
↑34% 
$273K
XDG 
$0.0033 
↓1.9% 
$231K
GNO 
$44.610 
↓6.2% 
$172K
STORJ 
$0.2676 
↓7.2% 
$158K



#####################. Trading Volume by Asset. ##########################################

Trading Volume by Asset


The figures below break down the trading volume of the largest, mid-size, and smallest assets. Cryptos are in purple, fiats are in blue. For each asset, the chart contains the daily trading volume in USD, and the percentage of the total trading volume. The percentages for fiats and cryptos are treated separately, so that they both add up to 100%.

Figure 1: Largest trading assets: trading volume (measured in USD) and its percentage of the total trading volume (August 21 2020)



Figure 2: Mid-size trading assets: (measured in USD) (August 21 2020)



Figure 3: Smallest trading assets: (measured in USD) (August 21 2020)



#####################. Spread %. ##########################################

Spread %


Spread percentage is the width of the bid/ask spread divided by the bid/ask midpoint. The values are generated by taking the median spread percentage over each minute, then the average of the medians over the day.

Figure 4: Average spread % by pair (August 21 2020)



.


#########. Returns and Volume ############################################

Returns and Volume


Figure 5: Returns of the four highest volume pairs (August 21 2020)


Figure 6: Volume of the major currencies and an average line that fits the data to a sinusoidal curve to show the daily volume highs and lows (August 21 2020)



###########. Daily Returns. #################################################

Daily Returns %


Figure 7: Returns over USD and XBT. Relative volume and return size is indicated by the size of the font. (August 21 2020)



###########. Disclaimer #################################################

The values generated in this report are from public market data distributed from Kraken WebSockets api. The total volumes and returns are calculated over the reporting day using UTC time.

Source: https://blog.kraken.com/post/5983/kraken-daily-market-report-for-august-21-2020/

Blockchain

In India, a Clash of Digital Innovation and Internet Censorship

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Earlier this month, reacting to a decision by India’s highest court, prominent comedian Kunal Kamra tweeted that India’s Supreme Court is the “most Supreme joke of this country.” 

The following day, local media reported that Attorney General K. K. Venugopal greenlighted court proceedings against the comedian, based on a few tweets criticizing the Supreme Court. The charge levied against him: contempt of court. Kamra has refused to apologize for his tweets and local reports indicate proceedings have yet to begin. 

This should be shocking, but unfortunately it’s not. In India, speaking out on the Internet can be dangerous. Kamra told CoinDesk that public figures can receive threats on social media, noting that users leaked his phone number on Twitter multiple times. “They dox people, they release information sometimes. … That’s very normal,” Kamra said.

With over 700 million internet users, India’s booming digital market collides with internet censorship or outright bans.

A similar dynamic plays out in India’s crypto market. Trade on Indian crypto exchanges exploded earlier this year after the Supreme Court ruled to reverse the decision by the country’s central bank (RBI) to ban local financial institutions from providing services to crypto firms. Now, just a few months later, the federal cabinet is reportedly discussing another potential ban. 

While regulators haven’t clarified their stance on digital assets, they have expressed concern over the fiscal and monetary policy implications of fintech applications, including distributed ledger technology (DLT). Regulators have continued to push for local control over fintech payment platforms like WhatsApp Pay, which received approval from the Indian government only after owner Facebook agreed to store user data locally in India and not offshore.

This is part of a much broader trend. Kamra’s case is the latest in a series of targeted attacks on internet users in the country. In a 2019 report, Freedom House warned internet freedom in India had declined “for the fourth year in a row” due to increasing arrests for online activity and frequent internet shutdowns.

Localized internet shutdowns, restrictions on certain content (like pornography) and wholesale bans on select mobile applications are some of the more visible ways in which the Indian government has sought to control the internet. According to a report by local media outlet Mint, in 2017 and 2018 at least 50 individuals were arrested for comments made on social media, largely for posts considered offensive to politicians. 

Digital India

India’s digital ecosystems, from cloud computing to digital payments, are expanding. According to a report by consulting firm McKinsey, core sectors of the digital economy could double their contribution to India’s GDP by 2025, adding up to $435 billion.

On Nov. 19, in his inaugural address at the Bengaluru Tech Summit, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi said his administration’s governance model is “technology first” citing his Digital India initiative that launched five years ago. 

“Digital India has become a way of life, particularly for the poor, marginalized and for those in government,” Prime Minister Modi said.

Yet, since 2014, government authorities have enforced about 450 regional internet shutdowns, with 134 in 2018 alone, according to a local internet shutdown tracker. 

Reasons for the crackdowns range from anticipated public unrest to curbing malpractice in school examinations. This blunt-force approach can also lead to monetary loss for businesses and the disruption of web-based services.  

If there is no internet, there is no cryptocurrency, there is no blockchain, there is no technology. The internet is the crux.

The longest internet shutdown ever recorded in a democracy was implemented by the Indian government in the disputed Kashmir region after the Modi government revoked the state’s semi-autonomous status in August 2019. 

Indian officials justified the extended ban by calling it a necessary move to curb anticipated unrest that might have followed the administrative decision. While services were gradually restored, the blackout lasted over seven months and disrupted some 12 million people’s access to the internet. 

Qazi Zaid, chief editor of Free Press Kashmir (FPK), a local media outlet, said his newsroom had to be shuttered during the blackout. The primarily online publication halted all coverage and risked losing its online readership of over 300,000 people, Zaid told CoinDesk.  

When phone lines were restored, reporters called each other and dictated stories in an attempt to type and publish them, he added. 

“But then we also realized that our audience is not there,” Zaid said.

While FPK managed to gradually come back online in May this year, the blackout had hit local businesses and dried up advertising revenue, Zaid said. He stressed that media censorship in Kashmir hasn’t changed so much after last year’s decision to revoke the region’s special status but it may have been further formalized under recent amendments to digital media policy, giving the government regulatory control over digital news and content providers. 

Loopholes

When the Indian government wants to shut the internet down, it sometimes invokes a 135-year-old law: the Indian Telegraph Act of 1885. The act was created by the British rulers in colonial India to curb uprisings, Indian journalist Sonia Faleiro said in a recent MIT Technology Review podcast. The law gives the government authority over all forms of electronic communications (in 1885 that meant telegrams) in the event of a public emergency. 

“In 2017, the law was amended to specify that it allowed the temporary suspension of telecom services,” Faleiro said. 

One of the many problems with the law, Faleiro added, was it did not specify or define “public emergency,” thus allowing the government to label any incident as such and shut down communications. 

Additionally, a controversial 2008 amendment to The Information Technology Act of 2000, Section 66A, allowed the government to imprison any person sending messages deemed “offensive,” “menacing,” “false” or “causing annoyance” through any electronic communications device. Using this law, in 2012 the government arrested two women for Facebook posts critical of the government. 

In 2015, the Supreme Court of India shot down Section 66A, calling it unconstitutional. However, arrests over social media activity continued: In 2016, a Kashmiri man was charged with sedition for liking and sharing anti-India posts on Facebook.

The security argument

Amid a tense border standoff with China earlier this year, India’s government banned 60 China-based apps, including the popular social media platform Tik Tok. 

When border tensions continued, leading to an Indian soldier reportedly being killed by a Chinese landmine, the Indian government restricted 118 more mobile applications from Chinese tech companies in September 2020. 

The government’s statement alleged it had received “several reports” of these applications misusing user data and “surreptitiously transmitting” it to servers located outside India. 

Described as a move to ensure “safety, security and sovereignty of Indian cyberspace” in the government’s September statement, the restrictions took aim at apps from WeChat, Baidu, Alipay and the popular mobile game PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds (PUBG), which had over 33 million active users in India at the time. 

While the restrictions could have been a knee-jerk reaction to a geopolitical situation that has since cooled down, concerns about the integrity of user data and government surveillance on the internet have persisted as India works on the proposed Personal Data Protection Bill (2019). 

According to Anirudh Burman, associate fellow at Carnegie India, the draft law, introduced in December 2019, deploys an approach quite similar to the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

Burman explained that although both frameworks are based on a user-consent model, the Indian bill limits data storage outside the country’s borders and also creates compliance requirements that could burden small enterprises. 

“If there is a medium or small enterprise firm going to get a data protection officer or get an annual data protection audit, it’s a significant cost,” Burman said. 

The draft law’s requirement to store certain types of data locally or always have a copy of it available on local servers has also stoked fears of increased state surveillance, according to a report by DW. Requiring platforms to store data locally could also afford easier access to local law enforcement which, if stored off-shore, would be subject to a different set of laws. 

“U.S. law permits the disclosure only of non-content data. So if you want detailed subscriber information or content data, then you have to go through the due process,” said Burman. Content data here refers to data, processed or unprocessed, that can convey the substance of a communication. 

The draft bill also provides for the creation of a dedicated body, the Data Protection Authority of India, to ensure compliance with the law. A portion of the legislation also grants the federal government the power to “exempt any agency of Government from application of the Act,” thereby creating broad loopholes for the state to duck requirements levied on private enterprises.

The draft law, India’s first attempt at creating a digital privacy and data management framework at the national level, is currently before a joint parliamentary committee. The committee also recently held discussions on law with representatives from companies including Amazon, Twitter, Mastercard, Visa and PayPal. 

Reported to be in the final stages of discussion, the committee is expected to file its recommendations on the bill before the next session of parliament begins. 

Sisyphus’ boulder

Despite the Indian government’s efforts to exercise control over cyberspace, internet policing can only go so far. 

Vikram Subburaj and Arjun Vijay launched Indian crypto exchange Giottus in 2018, just a week after the central bank of India published a circular that banned crypto firms from having bank accounts. Confronted by the ban, they pivoted to setting up a peer-to-peer exchange. 

In March 2020, the Supreme Court of India overruled the central bank circular and, according to the two founders, Giottus has enjoyed record growth in the last six months. 

“We have been growing at a phenomenal rate of 400% YTD and have been clocking a monthly trade volume of $33 million,” Subburaj told CoinDesk via email. 

Vijay doesn’t believe internet censorship can stop web-based services from continuing to grow in India. 

“Censorship doesn’t work with respect to the internet. With VPN and sorts, it just makes it more difficult for you to access something, but it doesn’t prevent someone who wants to access it,” Vijay told CoinDesk. 

Even in Kashmir, where students had to make do with government-imposed low-speed internet for their online classes during the coronavirus pandemic, people found workarounds. According to an Al Jazeera report, two applications (Filo and Wise) created by educators Mubeen Masudi and Imbesat Ahmad helped students access the Internet. 

India’s government seems to understand the Internet is essential for the country’s growth. While authorities sometimes lean toward stringent controls, the government will not completely stamp out digital innovation. This is good news for the crypto industry.

As Neeraj Khandelwal, co-founder of local crypto exchange CoinDCX, told CoinDesk, “If there is no internet, there is no cryptocurrency, there is no blockchain, there is no technology. The internet is the crux.” 

Disclosure

Source: https://www.coindesk.com/india-clash-innovation-censorship

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Bitcoin Price Rises Ahead of FOMC Minutes; What to Expect Next?

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Bitcoin rose Wednesday, right ahead of the release of the Federal Open Market Committee’s minutes from their November meeting.

The benchmark cryptocurrency climbed 0.13 percent to $19,198, with its rally slowing down as traders weighted vaccine progress against a persistent rise in coronavirus infections in the US. Technically, Bitcoin maintained support near $19,000, with bulls treating the level as a triggering point towards the next record high.

Bitcoin, cryptocurrency, BTCUSD, BTCUSDT
Bitcoin is up by more than 350 percent from its mid-March nadir. Source: BTCUSD on TradingView.com
Bitcoin is up by more than 350 percent from its mid-March nadir. Source: BTCUSD on TradingView.com

FOMC Meeting

Much of Bitcoin’s short- and medium-term market bias expects to come from the Federal Reserve’s forward guidance on Wednesday.

The central bank may want to keep its existing monetary policy settings steady, considering a renewed surge in the number of unemployment claims in the week ending November 14. Pro-people policies could also come as states impose a fresh round of lockdowns.

The Fed Chairman Jerome Powell and his colleagues discussed the prospects of purchasing government and corporate debts indefinitely to keep the US economy afloat through the pandemic. For instance, New York Fed President John William said that these expansionary programs are “serving their purposes really well right now.”

St Louis Fed President James Bullard also repeated his associate’s comments, stating that the Fed has no reason to put brakes on a program that keeps the economy from falling into further recession.

Nonetheless, US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin last week decided to cease some of the Fed’s emergency lending facilities after December 31. That has put a deadline on the central bank to act faster than usual — by bringing further easing measures in the remainder of this year.

As usual, it is bullish for Bitcoin.

Bitcoin vs. Dollar

The cryptocurrency does not react directly to the Fed’s decisions. Instead, it correlates with the US dollar that moves per the whims of the central bank’s forward guidance. And so far, the Fed policies have done nothing good to the greenback.

us dollar, dxy, us dollar index
US Dollar Index under additional bearish risks should the Fed remains dovish. Source: DXY on TradingView.com
US Dollar Index under additional bearish risks should the Fed remains dovish. Source: DXY on TradingView.com

The US Dollar Index (DXY) is trading just a few notches above its yearly low of 91.75. If the Fed decides to continue its assistance programs, then the index may retest the low again, followed by a breakdown. Forex analyst Daniel Moss weighs:

“Ultimately, a daily close below the September low is needed to signal the resumption of the primary downtrend and bring 91.16 into play.”

A depreciating dollar allows investors to rotate their capital into higher beta currencies and growth-sensitive assets. Bitcoin, with its anti-inflation narrative, therefore rises to the occasion.

An assertively dovish Fed promises an upside scenario for the cryptocurrency. So it appears, Bitcoin could attempt a bull run towards its all-time high following the FOMC minutes.

Nevertheless, if the Fed bows down to Mr. Mnuchin’s demands, then it will serve a short-term setback to the cryptocurrency — until Ms. Janet Yellen takes over the Treasury Secretary role next month and reactivate the emerging lending facilities.

Source: https://www.newsbtc.com/news/bitcoin/bitcoin-price-rises-ahead-of-fomc-minutes-what-to-expect-next/

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Analysts Eye New Top of $74,000 as Bitcoin Comes Within 3% of ATH

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In a move adding to the already monumental rally, Bitcoin prices touched $19,400 during late trading on Tuesday, November 24. This is just 3% away from its peak of $20K which came in December almost three years ago.

Since then, the asset has retreated sharply in a $700 pullback to the mid-$18K level where it currently trades. With momentum still in its favor, analysts and traders are eyeing the next possible peak.

CNBC Touts $74K Bitcoin

During the 2017/2018 rally, mainstream media outlets were renowned for spreading fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD) over something they really failed to truly comprehend. CNBC in particular came to be known as a counter trade signal as whenever the news outlet predicted a pump, BTC would dump and vice versa.

In its latest edition of Trading Nation, the channel interviewed a couple of traders who both had very positive things to say about the king of crypto.

Founder of TradingAnalysis.com, Todd Gordon, used Elliot Wave theory to measure herd mentality and market sentiment. He added that the fifth wave is just starting now which will result in a new all-time high in 2021. When asked about a price prediction he added;

“I can’t believe I’m going to go out on CNBC and say this, but it’s about $74,000. The Elliott wave goes very well with … Fibonacci multiples. If it does want to fall short, it can go to 61% of that target, which is only at $34,000.”

PayPal Driving Adoption

Mark Tepper, president and CEO of Strategic Wealth Partners, also commented on the trading show stating that before PayPal and other large corporations stepped in he treated Bitcoin like any other speculative investment, owning a small enough amount.

“The thing that’s always held me back from being an outright bitcoin bull has really been this lack of widespread adoption. But … adoption’s happening and those users, those PayPal and Square users, they’re buying more bitcoin than what’s actually hitting the market on a daily basis,”

He added that Bitcoin could be the Tesla of 2021, stating that it could possibly reach $100K by the end of next year. That certainly fits in with other models and predictions such as stock-to-flow which also predicts triple figures within the next year or so.

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Source: https://cryptopotato.com/analysts-eye-new-top-of-74000-as-bitcoin-comes-within-3-of-ath/

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