Described as an operating system for decentralized applications (dapps) and smart contracts, EOS was among 2017’s hottest news stories in the cryptocurrency community. EOS is currently in development by the company block.one and claims to be faster and more scalable than competing dapp platforms.
The EOS project launched its crowd funding campaign on June 26, 2017 with a 241 day Initial Coin Offering (ICO), which has raised close to $700 million. The ICO will continue until EOS’s open-source software is scheduled to launch on June 1, 2018.
Upon release, EOS hopes to fulfill Ethereum’s as-yet unmanifest promise of becoming the backbone of a worldwide supercomputer network — making up a decentralized economy of online businesses, individuals, and applications.
In this article we’ll explore more about what this means, how EOS stacks up against its competitors, and the project’s current status by looking at the following topics:
- What is EOS?
- The Technology Behind EOS
- EOS Advantages
- EOS Disadvantages
- How to Buy EOS
- How to Store EOS: Best Wallets
EOS was started by Dan Larimer — creator of Steem and Bitshares — and is based on a white paper published in June of 2017. As mentioned, the platform is designed as an operating system for dapps. Just as MS Windows, Linux and Mac OSX are used as the basis for building and running computer applications (on or off networks), EOS is designed to build and run web applications across a blockchain network. EOS smart contracts and governance systems can also be used to set up Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAOs).
One interesting element of EOS is that the platform will not be providing its own blockchain for the network but will instead rely on its community to make their own chains (more on that later). Also unique for a cryptocurrency is the fact that EOS will have one billion total tokens, a fairly large number compared to most other coins (Bitcoin for example has a cap of 21 million).
The EOS project first gained recognition in the cryptocurrency community when it raised a record $150 million in just 5 days during its ICO and then went on to complete an unprecedented year long ICO campaign (most are only 2 to 4 weeks) to reach its final tally of $700 million. After its trading debut on the Bitfinex exchange on June 25, 2017, the price jumped by 200 percent in the first two hours of being listed.
The project doesn’t yet have a working product, but it’s clear that there’s a huge demand for what EOS is planning to offer. The platform reached an important milestone on November 29, 2017, by releasing EOS STAT — an application “test net” for developers to “evaluate, build, and test their dapps” prior to the launch of the EOS.IO platform.
Let’s take a closer look at the technology and history that spawned EOS to get an idea of what the completed network will look like.
EOS aims to solve many of the speed and scalability issues suffered by first and second generation blockchains.
Many argue that Bitcoin and its kin are simply too slow to scale for mainstream adoption (though Bitcoin is working to address this problem with the as-yet unproven Lightning Network). Similarly, Ethereum, which brought slightly-improved transaction speeds over its predecessors, is not yet up to the challenge of scaling to power a large economy (Ethereum can process only 20 transactions per second as of writing, although its developers are working on a possible solution to increase this speed).
EOS, on the other hand, is being built from the ground up to perform millions of transactions per second, making it more suitable for a complex dapp ecosystem and decentralized, tokenized economy.
EOS is also attempting to make dapp development easier and more efficient. As it stands now, developers for existing dapp platforms have to repeatedly solve many of the same issues for every dapp: account creation and recovery, multi-signature accounts, messaging, role-based permissions, etc. EOS intends to solve this problem by providing many of these common features for their developers instead of requiring developers to build these features themselves. This will allow software designers to spend less time coding the generic, and focus more of their energy on building the unique aspects of their dapps.
As mentioned, what block.one will not supply is the blockchain itself. Instead, EOS is depending on people and groups to build their own blockchains and then use those blockchains to host the EOS.IO software.
In the beginning, there will likely be more than one blockchain, but it is theorized that eventually only one of the chains will get the majority of support from the community of token holders and block producers. This is because the most popular chain will have the most valuable token which will motivate the community to use that chain.
Each chain will use the EOS “genesis block” as its starting place for distributing tokens. The genesis block will contain a copy of the EOS data from the Ethereum blockchain, since EOS hosted its ICO using Ethereum’s platform prior to launching their own. This genesis block will include all information about what addresses have what number of tokens, and thus anyone who has ERC-20 EOS tokens will be able to claim new EOS tokens on any of these initial chains.
Token holders on a given EOS blockchain will vote for 21 “block producers” to create the blocks for that blockchain. Block producers are entities with accounts on the blockchain that validate transactions and supply resources to the network using any number of computers connected to the network. They are rewarded with EOS tokens for validating blocks.
If ever the main blockchain doesn’t have enough computing resources available, it would theoretically incentivize block producers to get better hardware in order to be able to keep their position on the main chain. That being said, there still is the potential for multiple blockchains, especially since EOS allows for interoperability and information exchange between different chains (more on this later).
Besides allowing holders to vote on block producers, EOS tokens will also allow holders to use resources on the blockchain platform, not by spending the tokens, but simply by “staking”, or holding them on a network connected computer.
The bandwidth, computational, and storage capacity of the network is allocated to dapps based on the percentage of EOS staked by that dapp. In this way, users can run dapps without having to own cryptocurrency themselves. That being said, some dapps will no doubt be paid or charge-per-use services while others will be free or “freemium” (partly free with premium services costing money). EOS promises fees will be extremely low for transactions, and it will be up to the enterprises to determine how fees will be handled.
EOS.IO uses the Delegated Proof of Stake (DPOS) protocol, which is similar to the Proof of Stake protocol used by many other cryptocurrencies (and which Ethereum is switching to).
Block producers are voted for on a continual basis by the network of witness nodes, which are comprised of dapp entities that stake their tokens for computing resources. Witness nodes obviously have an interest in having the best block producers possible. Would-be block producers are required to list their available computational resources, and this will no doubt figure largely into who is chosen by the network.
According to the EOS white paper, voting will be handled by a yet-to-be-determined approval process. Block producers will gain an approval rating by the network and most will be chosen automatically every 21 blocks based on this rating. One producer, however, will be chosen based on votes.
Another unique aspect of EOS is that it allows users to create accounts with readable names. This is in contrast to most other blockchain projects in which the only unique identifiers for network participants are long alphanumeric addresses. EOS accounts can also have “namespaces” that offer a sort of sub account name with the format @user.domain — “domain” being the account name, and “user” being the user name. This means accounts can have multiple users.
Accounts can interact with other accounts in various ways, including through messages or information packets that can be used to control dapp functions or smart contract-based payments.
Finally, another important function EOS will offer is the ability for two blockchains to communicate with one another without requiring them to cross-validate everything on each chain. The way EOS achieves this is by making one blockchain a “light client” of the other and then authenticating transactions by using just the headers of blocks on the other chain. Through a “proof of completeness” mechanism, it then validates that it has received all relevant information from the other chain.
This interoperability will enable both public and private blockchains to communicate with each other, which will allow for different types of dapps that might require the use of private information on a separate chain.
Now that you hopefully have a better understanding of some of the technology behind EOS, let’s take a closer look at some of the advantages and challenges of EOS compared to its competitors.
- Less Risk of Hard Forks: During a hack on an Ethereum-based organization called DAO in June, 2016 that led to the theft of tokens, Ethereum’s entire blockchain was temporarily shut down. There was much debate on how to handle the situation and the community ended up splitting in two: one side didn’t want to return lost funds, while the other side did. The result was a hard fork producing two Ethereums (Ethereum and Ethereum Classic). This is not likely to happen with EOS since if a dapp is found to be buggy, it can simply be frozen by block producers until it’s fixed.
- Ease of Use for Developers: EOS incorporates a web toolkit for simplified development of dapps, along with database schemas, role-based permissions, and other built in functions that make creation of dapps easier.
- Governance: EOS has a governance structure based on a constitution of mutually accepted rules that govern the system, along with a process for modifying those rules if needed via voting processes. Many cryptocurrencies have a very difficult time reaching consensus on what to do in a given situation (e.g. the above example with Ethereum), but EOS seems to have an elegant solution to this problem.
- Self-Sufficient: EOS blockchains will generate 5% inflation per year, which will be used to reward block producers for confirming transactions, as well as to fund three community-chosen dapp proposals per year.
- Free Transactions: Ethereum and most other blockchains require users to pay fees to send transactions. EOS, on the other hand, uses the aforementioned block-producer model to determine how fees will be paid depending on services offered and charged for by dapp developers.
- Fast Transactions: As already discussed, EOS will use parallel processing that can perform potentially millions of transactions per second, and at least 50,000 out of the gate according to block.one.
- ICO Friendly: Just as with Ethereum and other smart contract platforms, ICOs can be hosted on an EOS blockchain. Given EOS’s focus on user-friendliness, however, EOS will likely offer dapps to streamline ICO smart contracts and tokens.
- Many Competitors: Besides Ethereum, EOS has many other competitors, including NEO, Rootstock RSK and RChain. There may be room for more than one successful platform of this type, or there might not.
- No Guarantee Tokens Will be Honored: Although it is likely the EOS community will strive to implement a blockchain that supports the Ethereum-based EOS token holders in being credited with EOS tokens on the new chains, this is not legally mandated. Since block.one is not launching an initial blockchain, it will be up to the users to ensure this happens.
- Potential Launch Chaos: No one knows what will happen when EOS launches and how blockchains will form and find their footing. Will competition hurt the community, or help it? Will one central chain form, or will many smaller chains form, with none of them having enough resources to make a useful ecosystem? Nothing like this has ever been done, so nobody knows.
- Potentially More Centralized: Some argue that EOS is more centralized in its DPOS consensus protocol than other platforms such as Ethereum. Since it relies on only 21 block producers to confirm all transactions, this concern certainly seems valid, since ultimately, this would likely lead to a few large resource provider data centers running the network. Another point of concern for some is that regular users can’t audit the system unless they plan to personally run a full node. Finally, EOS relies on voting, which historically has resulted in low voter turnout in other systems, which could lead to further centralization with fewer people giving input on the direction of the platform and blockchain(s).
For their part, block.one have argued that EOS blockchains will still be less centralized than Bitcoin and Ethereum, which have only a few major mining pools that confirm the entire blockchains at the moment.
If after reading about EOS you are interested in investing in the token, here’s how:
EOS is available both on the project website (until June 1) and on several online exchanges. The ICO format is unusual in that it’s split into purchasing periods where the amount of tokens you get for your contribution is dependent on how much money was contributed by others during that period.
Although EOS cannot be exchanged directly for fiat in many places, it is possible to get it on Kraken, where you can deposit fiat directly via bank transfer. Otherwise, you’ll have to purchase another cryptocurrency like Bitcoin, Ethereum, or Litecoin elsewhere, such as Coinbase, and then transfer that to another exchange. Trusted exchanges that offer trades for EOS are Binance, Kucoin and Cobinhood.
Learn more in our How to Buy EOS guide.
EOS can currently be stored in any wallet that supports Ethereum ERC-20 tokens. These include hardware devices like the TREZOR or Ledger Nano S, as well as software options like Exodus or Jaxx. For a more comprehensive description of the different types of wallets, check out our guide to the Best EOS Wallets of 2018.
With its high transaction speeds, user-friendly development tools, and its proven team, EOS has the potential to help bring blockchain technology to mainstream enterprises. The road toward realizing that goal, however, is a long one, and there is already some significant resistance from the cryptocurrency/blockchain community. But if block.one can prove that EOS is just as decentralized as its competitors while also offering numerous benefits over traditional blockchain technologies, EOS might become a major player in the next evolution of the decentralized economy.
Smart Advertising Transaction Token Doubles Down On Decentralization
Since launch, Smart Advertising Transaction Token commonly known as SaTT has been making headlines in the crypto airwaves for their revolutionary blockchain-based products. Conceived out of the desire to bring decentralization to the advertising industry, SaTT deploys blockchain innovation to bring transparency, efficiency, and non-custodial advertising gateway to the ad industry.
SaTT is an influencer-based advertising product that connects advertisers to publishers (social media influencers) together, allowing publishers to create content via these social media channels and in turn get paid for their effort based on the level of engagement derived (number of views, shares, likes, comments of the publication).
With the help of decentralized smart contract oracle, SaTT connects advertisers to publishers (social media influencers) together, allowing publishers to create content via these social media channels and in turn get paid for their effort based on the level of engagement derived (number of views, shares, likes, comments of the publication).
Early this year, SaTT integrated its decentralized advertising solution with the top social media platforms including Facebook, Instagram, Youtube, and Twitter. Allowing advertisers to promote their products and services through influential marketing strategies.
SaTT Embarks On A 6-Months Journey To Open-source
What makes SaTT a unique advertising solution is its decentralization powered by blockchain technology, one that isn’t common in the ad industry. Being a brainchild of several years of innovation by experienced blockchain and marketing professionals, SaTT takes decentralization seriously. As such, the project announced sometime in October their plans to go open-source. Commenting on the development, the SaTT team noted that:
“It has always been clear to us that a blockchain project, decentralized by definition, cannot be constrained by a centralized environment. This is why after much consulting amongst our team, advisors, and associates, we have decided that SaTT is ready to be an open-source project!”
With this move, SaTT aims to build a project that can “benefit from community contributions and exceed our vision and know-how, establishing itself as a universal reference.” For this six months period, SaTT will be focused on releasing its enterprise crypto wallet for iOS users, redeploying the SaTT wallet interfacing, adopting “Pay by SaTT” for enterprise e-commerce, and many more.
Within this timeframe, every single product released by SaTT will be made open-source. Once open source, SaTT will benefit from wide-range community contributions liken to what is currently being witnessed in the Ethereum community for instance.
SaTT is currently trading on a couple of centralized exchanges and has taken up the initiative to get onboard on a number of decentralized exchanges (DEXs) to align its commitments to building a sustainable decentralized ecosystem.
Currently, SaTT is listed on two of the most popular and largest DEXs by trading volume, Uniswap, and Binance DEX. The most recent listing is Binance DEX which came as a surprise move to the community, a development that sets SaTT on the path to becoming a prominent actor in the Binance ecosystem.
The news of Binance DEX listing was received massively, which resulted in a mammoth rally of over 50% in SATT price to set a new all-time market capitalization of $12.5 million. Since the opening of the year, SATT has rallied more than 150% to reach its current price, with a lot of potential for the future.
The SATT token is deployed on the Binance Chain as BSATT and is listed under the BNB market, BSATT has been available for trading under the BSATT/BNB pairs beginning from January 8th.
SaTT journey to an open-source, fully decentralized advertising platform sets the project on the path towards providing an advertising solution with the lowest cost, instant and efficient payment network, decentralized governance system, and relevant statistics.
The Founding Team
Blockchain-based advertising solution SaTT was founded by founder and CEO Gauthier Bros who are owners of ATAYEN Inc., a marketing company that has a reputation for developing and deploying business pages for enterprise companies on Facebook.
The team leverages on its numerous years in the advertising industry to bring a lot of innovation to SaTT. In order to deliver a concise and transparent advertising metric, SaTT utilizes the smart contract oracle developed by ATAYEN to interface between advertising data sources to convey analytical data on the performance of an ad campaign.
Since its inception, the SaTT team hasn’t fallen short of delivering innovative blockchain-based advertising products both for enterprise and for everyday business use. The project’s journey to open-source positions it towards delivering workable and revolutionary blockchain products.
Disclaimer: The information presented here does not constitute investment advice or an offer to invest. The statements, views, and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author/company and do not represent those of Bitcoinist. We strongly advise our readers to DYOR before investing in any cryptocurrency, blockchain project, or ICO, particularly those that guarantee profits. Furthermore, Bitcoinist does not guarantee or imply that the cryptocurrencies or projects published are legal in any specific reader’s location. It is the reader’s responsibility to know the laws regarding cryptocurrencies and ICOs in his or her country.
FXSpotStream to Add FX Algos and Allocation Service
The demand for FX Algos is slowly increasing among institutions.
FXSpotStream LLC announced on Thursday that it will add several FX Algo strategies, along with FX Allocation services, which will be offered via its API from the second quarter of this year.
The platform will add over 70 different Algos and more than 200 parameters offered by the liquidity providers and can be accessed by the FXSpotStream client base. The FX Allocations will allow its clients on a pre and post-trade basis to send and allocate orders from multiple accounts at the same time.
Speaking to Finance Magnates, FXSpotStream Co-founder and CEO, Alan Schwarz clarified that though the upcoming services are a ‘natural extension’ of its existing services, there is a growing demand for them from its ‘banks and clients’.
“We are an API business and today, the largest by supported volume when looking at the streaming fully disclosed offerings. We, of course, have a GUI, and later this year will have Algos and Allocations available on our GUI,” Schwarz said.
Growing Demand for FX Algos
When compared to equities, the demand for FX Algos is yet to receive mass adoption. However, demand for these services is growing.
“While the volume is still not what we see in Equities, as an example, the amount of volume that is transacted using FX Algos has and will continue to increase for the foreseeable future,” Schwarz added. He elaborated that such services are gaining popularity among asset managers and hedge funds.
Mentioning the advantage of FXSpotStream’s FX Algos, the CEO details that it will be a ‘part of a multibank service support for FX Algos over an API’, something that is not yet seen in the market.
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“We are not selecting which of our liquidity provider Algos we will support. We will support all of their available FX Algos.”
Breaching the $11 Trillion Mark
Founded as a bank-owned consortium, FXSpotStream provides a multibank FX aggregation service for spot FX trading, with extended services for the derivatives market as well.
The platform reported excellent volumes throughout 2020, resulting from the market volatility and its continued business expansion. Trading volume for the year crossed $11 trillion, with the ADV increasing 18.52 percent to $42.648 billion.
“For the third year in a row we grew at the fastest rate of all FX services in the industry,” Schwarz said. “Our growth is the result of adding new clients; growing business from our existing clients; a continual expansion of the products we offer, and the underlying functionality.”
Indeed, the number of clients on the platform jumped by 19.64 percent when compared with the previous year.
“We expect to see continued volatility in the market in 2021,” he added. “We also have another very large project we are progressing.”
Dogecoin Reaches Parity With Russian Ruble After WSB Tweet
After getting “GameStopped,” Dogecoin (DOGE) has caught up with some national fiat currencies across the world today.
It looks like WallStreetBets (WSB), the group of redditors that recently flipped off Wall Street by pumping GameStop’s stock, have now got “meme crypto” Dogecoin in its sights. In just one day, DOGE has already surged by up to 80%, according to crypto metrics platform CoinGecko.
“Has Doge ever been to a dollar?” tweeted “WSB Chairman” earlier today.
Around the time the message was posted, DOGE’s price surged from $0.0075 to as high as $0.0136 today. At press time, the coin is trading at around $0.0125, up 58% on the day.
Subsequently, the “meme coin’s” price has caught up with some national fiat currencies across the world. For example, DOGE is now trading at a nearly 1:1 exchange rate against the Russian ruble on various trading platforms. On Binance, for instance, one Dogecoin is currently worth roughly 1.025 rubles.
While there is no clear ideological reasoning behind DOGE’s pump today—unlike in GameStop’s case—today’s shenanigans are still spreading like wildfire as users seem to be having fun just for the sake of it.
“in #dogecoin we trust … and our chief elonmusk. Let’s make it worth something . doge is us, we are doge,” one user tweeted.
As Decrypt reported, the WSB’s pump of GameStop’s stock resulted in huge losses for some Wall Street firms who were shorting the asset and struggled to get out of the trade. The same may have happened to Dogecoin traders—if any of them were shorting it.
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