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What is Ripple? | The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide



What is Ripple

Ripple is a distributed open source internet protocol that facilitates a real-time gross settlement system (RTGS), currency exchange, and remittance network. Ripple is most often used by banks and other financial institutions to fortify their operational infrastructure. According to the Ripple website, they are the world’s only enterprise blockchain solution for global payments.

The name Ripple refers to three things: Ripple Labs (the company that oversees the development of Ripple), the Ripple Transaction Protocol (RTXP), and the network’s native cryptocurrency, XRP, or simply Ripples.

We’ll cover each of these components in the following topics:

Ripple’s story goes back to 2004 when Ryan Fugger, a web and decentralized systems developer, was working on a local exchange trading system in Vancouver. His goal was to develop a decentralized monetary system that would allow people to create a medium of exchange for whatever purposes they saw fit. He eventually launched the first iteration of this idea with

In 2012, developers Jed McCaleb and Chris Larsen approached Ryan Fugger with their idea for a digital currency. The system would rely on transactions verified by a consensus process among members on the network, instead of the mining verification method used by Bitcoin and many other cryptocurrencies.

After deliberation with McCaleb and others within the Ripple community, Fugger decided it was best to allow McCaleb and Larsen to take over Ripple. Following this decision, McCaleb and Larsen co-founded OpenCoin.

From there, OpenCoin immediately began working on the Ripple protocol (RTXP) and the Ripple payment and exchange network. The company received angel funding from several different venture capital firms.

Things were looking great for OpenCoin, but less than a year after its founding, McCaleb left the company. On September 26, 2013, OpenCoin officially rebranded themselves as Ripple Labs, Inc. and decided to become fully open-source as they released the peer-to-peer full node Rippled. By becoming open-source, the Ripple protocol was now viable independently from Ripple Labs. While they can and still do lead the development on the network, the Ripple network technically does not need the company in order to remain active.

The next few years would prove difficult for Ripple, as they received a $700,000 fine from the US Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) for “willful violation of the Bank Secrecy Act by acting as a money services business without registering with FinCEN.”

By corporatizing themselves, Ripple Labs exposed themselves to government regulation in a way that some other cryptocurrencies are safe from. Bitcoin, for example, is not backed by a corporate entity and leaves any sort of regulatory liability on the users of the network rather than a centralized group.

After their run in with FinCEN, Ripple obtained a virtual currency license from the New York State Department of Financial Services. This allowed Ripple to continue business as usual and Ripple became only the fourth company to hold a BitLicense, or a business license of virtual currency activities. Now that Ripple was a fully licensed and recognized virtual currency firm, they were able to continue operation.

By this point, Ripple had been working on several Ripple protocol projects and the shift away from a simple peer-to-peer currency had begun. The protocol had been adopted by a growing number of financial institutions as an alternative remittance option for consumers. Remittance refers to a transfer of money by a foreign worker back to their nation of origin.

This shift was seen as an opportunity by Ripple’s CEO Chris Larsen as he said in 2014,

“…we think that the bigger opportunity is not just to create another digital currency — there are plenty of those — but rather to use that technology as a way of building a settlement system with no central operator.”

Ripple began collecting partnerships with major financial instructions around the world. Companies like American Express, BMO Financial Group, the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), and many others have identified Ripple as a means to bolster their operations. Some see it as a way to fight back against other cryptocurrencies often viewed as direct competitors to banks.

Ripple Partnerships

Those who consider their investments in digital assets as a means to insulate themselves from the corruption and general failings of the traditional banking system often view Ripple with distrust as it is clear that Ripple has aligned with their perceived enemy.

That being said, Ripple is seen as a safe entry point into crypto investing by some simply because of its banking utility. Many digital currencies claim to have world changing technology with not much to back up their claims. Ripple on the other hand, has proven utility and the trust from the banks has drawn the attention of traditional investors and large sums of money.

The Ripple Protocol Consensus Algorithm is the title of a white paper published by Ripple Labs in 2014. The paper addresses failures in traditional transaction systems and distributed payment systems like blockchain-based cryptocurrencies.

In contrast to these other cryptocurrencies, the Ripple protocol uses a common shared ledger, or distributed database, and operates with a consensus protocol to validate transactions and account balances on the network. This differs from the typical proof-of-work system used by Bitcoin and other blockchains. Proof-of-work requires computers connected to the network to act as miners, where the computing power of their hardware is used to validate and compile ledger entries, earning rewards when blocks are completed.

The consensus protocol of Ripple validates transactions in a way that improves the overall integrity of the system to prevent double spending. Distributed nodes on the network confirm transactions by participating in a poll that determines the majority vote on whether the transaction was carried out properly. For example, if you had 50 XRP in a wallet and you tried to send the entire balance to multiple addresses, the validators on the network would be polled to determine which transaction input occurred first. Only the first input would be recognized and completed.

XRP is the native currency used on the Ripple network, not unlike Bitcoins or Ether on the Ethereum network. However, XRP, in contrast to the above coins, is primarily designed as a liquidity instrument of the Ripple network. It acts as a bridge currency, meaning it can allow for transactions between two typically unrelated currency pairs.

There are other currencies on the Ripple network, but XRP is the only one free from counterparty risk, or the possibility that a counterparty will not fulfil their obligation to pay. This is a risk native to insurance policies, bonds, or other contracts.

During the development of Ripple, it was determined that there would be 100 billion total XRP to be introduced into the market. Of the 100 billion created, 20 billion were retained by the founders of Ripple Labs. XRP are divisible by up to 6 decimal places. The smallest unit is called a drop with 1 million drops totaling 1 XRP.

Suggested Reading Why is Ripple so cheap?

Ripple is designed to facilitate fast, seamless transactions between banks, payment providers, corporations, and digital exchanges. The network utilizes multiple instruments, like XRP, to complete transactions that are typically slow and costly.

XRP can act as a bridge currency between other currencies and assets. It allows for the open exchange of fiat and cryptocurrencies by creating liquidity without the need to increase your holdings of liquid assets.

One way this would prove useful compared to traditional banking would be their use of nostro accounts. A nostro account is an account in which a bank holds a foreign currency in another bank. Most of the large commercial banks of the world have nostro accounts in every country that uses a convertible currency.

Ripple eliminates the need for these accounts because instead of holding all of these currencies in reserve, you can simply hold an amount of XRP and complete foreign exchange transactions as needed without all of the added accounting measures.

Perhaps the most important feature of performing business transactions with Ripple is that it is nearly instantaneous. Everyone knows the struggle of receiving a check and waiting for it to clear; standard transactions can take days to complete. Ripple transactions, on the other hand, can be initiated and verified in seconds, and that includes foreign exchange processes that are even more costly and time-consuming.

Ripple is one of the most polarizing matters in the cryptocurrency community and it all stems from one concept. Decentralization.

Decentralization is the majority goal of blockchain developers. They distribute decentralized ledgers so that no central force can impose undue influence on the network and its users. Ripple is often accused of being a centralized cryptocurrency for three reasons. Ripple Labs is holding 20 billion XRP, they control the non-circulating total of XRP in addition to that 20 billion and they have solidified themselves as the most trusted validator on the Ripple network.

In the XRP section of this guide, it is mentioned that Ripple Labs created 100 billion XRP. This is already a deviation from the norm as cryptocurrencies are typically created through mining by users on their network. The Ripple creators then decided to retain 20 billion XRP for themselves.

Now this is obviously controversial as it gives just a handful of people 20% of the entire supply of a currency. On an open market, these few massive holders hold incredible power. They could theoretically dump their holdings and crash the price.

Not everyone sees this as a problem though. Supporters consider the retention of Ripple by its creators as no different than founders of a company holding a certain number of shares when their business goes public.

Nevertheless, some of the Ripple founders have agreed to slowly sell their holdings of XRP at a careful rate over several years in order to add stability to the market. Some of their holdings have also been donated to worthy causes.

This leads us to what happened to the other 80 billion XRP. As of the time of this writing, over 39 billion XRP are in circulation. With the majority of the currency in the hands of the company that created it, some believe this makes Ripple Labs too powerful in the financial ecosystem it created. Crypto markets are not mature and prices can fluctuate wildly when large holders decide to buy or sell holdings.

Perhaps the biggest concern Ripple opponents have with the controversial cryptocurrency is its role in maintaining the network. Ripple Labs is the primary validator on the Ripple network, meaning they could potentially do anything they wanted to their distributed ledger. As mentioned above, it is theoretically true that the Ripple network could continue operating without the control of Ripple Labs, but at the moment, they hold a monopoly on its processes.

Ripple has recognized these criticisms, however, and is working on a plan to implement a decentralization strategy. They are encouraging additional validators to join the network, leading them away from a monopoly on the system. If these additional validators are free from the control of Ripple, then over time the system could become truly decentralized and the network could upgrade and evolve as the community sees necessary.

Although those decentralization strategies are official statements, Ripple critics remain skeptical. Banks are seen as the enemy in this metaphorical war, and Ripple has chosen its side.

Even though XRP is markedly different from most digital assets in terms of technology and usage, it can be purchased on many of the world’s popular cryptocurrency exchanges.

Check out our guide step-by-step on how to buy Ripple XRP here.

There are many options for storing your XRP after you acquire it from an exchange. Digital assets traded on exchange will be stored in their hosted wallets and they belong to you, but it is not a good idea to leave your funds in an exchange’s wallet, as there have been instances of hacking in the past, most notably the Mt. Gox hack that resulted in about 850,000 Bitcoins being stolen.

While Bitcoin wallets are free, Ripple wallets require 20 XRP to hold your wallet address. Because of this, it is advisable to store your XRP on a single wallet rather than across several.

One of the best options for XRP storage is a hardware wallet called the Ledger Nano S. Hardware wallets are often considered to be one of the most secure methods of storing your cryptocurrencies, and the Ledger Nano S supports XRP along with a number of other coins.

For our comprehensive guide to the best XRP wallets, click here.

Ripple is lumped in with the thousands of cryptocurrencies because of similar underlying technologies and financial implications, but it is something that is fundamentally unique. By focusing on partnerships with banks and major corporations, Ripple is on a different path than that of Bitcoin, Monero, or other projects that are built around the idea of disruption. Ripple isn’t trying to disrupt banks, it is trying to give the banks a fighting chance against the wave of cryptocurrencies gunning for them.

The post What is Ripple? | The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide appeared first on UNHASHED.



Dave Portnoy Says Bitcoin is a Big Ponzi Scheme But He’ll Be Back



Just months after making a grand entrance in the cryptocurrency space, the Barstool Sports Founder Dave Portnoy reaffirmed that he’s out of the field. In a recent podcast with Anthony “Pomp” Pompliano, the controversial day trader justified his exit by claiming that Bitcoin is a giant Ponzi scheme.

Portnoy’s Controversial Bitcoin History

Portnoy has become one of the most influential and controversial faces of legacy market day trading. Earlier this year, he declared that he’s “coming to Bitcoin,” which attracted lots of attention. Even the Winklevoss twins offered their help to educate him on Bitcoin.

However, his controversy quickly followed him in the vigilant cryptocurrency field, where the community rapidly spotted his pump and dump techniques. After buying several altcoins and claiming a loss of $25,000, Portnoy said that he’s out.

In Pomp’s recent podcast, he reaffirmed that he doesn’t own any digital assets as of now. He went even further by asserting that Bitcoin is “in my mind one big Ponzi scheme.” He argued that “you get in, and you just have to not be the one left holding the bag.”

Interestingly, though, his 2020 purchase of Bitcoin wasn’t the first. He admitted that he bought about $50,000 worth of BTC during the parabolic price increase in 2017 at about $15,000. When asked if he still holds the coins, Portnoy said that he lost the hardware wallet.

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Dave Portnoy (Left) And Anthony Pompliano (Right). Source: Twitter
Dave Portnoy (Left) And Anthony Pompliano (Right). Source: Twitter

Lack Of Accountability Is A Problem, But I’ll Be Back: Portnoy

One of the most notable features regarding Bitcoin has been the anonymity of the creator – Satoshi Nakamoto. Although the pseudonym is well-known and disputed, and some people claim to be Nakamoto, the true identity remains a mystery to this day.

Portnoy believes that this is a problem. He argued that if he ends up losing money or being scammed, he prefers to know who’s the person behind the entire operation. With Bitcoin, though, this “lack of accountability” raises concerns that he’s not comfortable with. Nevertheless, he noted that he’s planning to get back into BTC:

“I’ll get back. I’ve been saying that I’ll be back into Bitcoin. I don’t know when, but I’ll be back.”

He argued that the community and mostly the memes attracted him the most in the first place, and it’s what he misses the most.

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China’s Blockchain-Based Service Network (BSN) Integrates Tezos



  • The popular blockchain company Tezos has become the last integrated network into China’s ambitious Blockchain-based Services Network (BSN).
  • Developers can employ the Tezos protocol through BSN’s global public city nodes and portals for a “simplified development and deployment experience.”
  • All three global public city nodes, namely Hong Kong, California, and Paris, have integrated with the Tezos Blockchain in both mainnet and testnet. 
  • Developers wanting to utilize the Tezos blockchain need to set up an account on BSN’s website and head towards the “permissionless services” section.
  • Upon choosing the preferred public city node, developers need to “create a new project” and “choose the chain” (mainnet or testnet). 
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  • After seeing the new project’s creation based on the Tezos blockchain, the next step is to insert Project ID, Project Key, and Access Address from the Project List. 
  • “All APIs provided by Tezos can be accessed in similar ways, and the original data format will be returned.”

  • China’s BSN was released earlier this year after some delays prompted by the COVID-19 pandemic. It enables developers to build applications, smart cities, and even digital economies on top of it without participants having to design a new network from scratch.
  • Prior to Tezos, BSN integrated other popular blockchain companies starting with Chainlink’s oracle. 
  • BSN also integrated the Chinese-based platform NEO to accelerate the adoption of the blockchain technology in the country.  
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Crypto Price Analysis & Overview September 25th: Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Chainlink, and Tezos




Bitcoin dropped by a total of 3% over the past seven days of trading as it reached the $10,600 level today. The cryptocurrency briefly pushed above the $11,000 mark last Friday but could not sustain this level as it broke beneath it during the weekend. On Monday, BTC saw a precipitous 7.5% fall as it dropped from $10,910 to reach as low as $10,200.

Bitcoin continued to head lower on Wednesday as it reached $10,140 before the buyers regrouped to initiate a rebound, which happened yesterday. During the rebound, BTC managed to break back above the 100-days EMA and reach as high as $10,760 – where it ran into resistance at the bearish .382 Fib Retracement.

The coin has dropped slightly from there to trade at $10,600 today.

Looking ahead, if the bulls can continue above the $10,760 level, higher resistance lies at $10,900 $11,000, and $11,200. Added resistance is expected at $11,340 (bearish .618 Fib Retracement), $11,500, and $11,600.

On the other side, the first level of support lies at $10,430 (100-days EMA0. This is followed by support at $10,330, $10,140, and $10,000.

BTC/USD. Source: TradingView


Ethereum suffered a steeper 11.3% price decline over the past week as it reached the $346 level today. The coin was trading above $380 last Friday but started to drop lower during the weekend. On Monday, Ethereum fell from $365 to reach as low as $335 (100-days EMA).

The price decline continued on Wednesday, which saw ETH drop as low as $320. Luckily, the bulls regrouped for a rebound on Thursday in which ETH managed to reach the $252 resistance (bearish .236 Fib Retracement). It also produced a bullish engulfing candle, which is a strong bullish signal.

Moving forward, if the buyers can break the $352 level, resistance lies at $364 (2019 high), $382, $390, and $400.

On the other side, support is first expected at $336 (100-days EMA). Beneath this, support lies at $320, $306, and $300.

ETH/USD. Source: TradingView

Ethereum also struggled against Bitcoin this week as it fell from 0.035 BTC to reach as low as 0.0311 BTC yesterday. The coin had found support yesterday at the .618 Fib Retracement, which allowed it to bounce higher to the current 0.0326 BTC level.

Looking ahead, if the bulls push higher, the first level of resistance lies at 0.033 BTC. Above this, resistance is located at 0.0337 BTC (March 2019 Support), 0.0347 BTC, and 0.0352 BTC.

On the other side, the first level of support lies at 0.032 BTC. This is followed by support at 0.0315 BTC (100-days EMA), 0.0311 BTC (.618 Fib Retracement), and 0.030 BTC.

ETH/BTC. Source: TradingView


XRP witnessed a 5.5% price fall this week as the coin dropped from $0.25 to reach as low as $0.22 yesterday. The cryptocurrency managed to rebound from there to get as high as $0.24 today. However, the market is facing resistance at the 100-days EMA and must pass this to continue higher.

If the bulls break $0.24, the first level of resistance lies at $0.251 (bearish .382 Fib Retracement). Following this, resistance lies at $0.261 (bearish .5 Fib Retracement), and $0.271 (bearish .618 Fib Retracement).

On the other side, the first level of support lies at $0.235 (200-days EMA). This is followed by support at $0.23, $0.22, and $0.217.

XRP/USD. Source: TradingView

XRP is also struggling against BTC as it posted a fresh 2-month low at 2165 SAT (downside 1.414 Fib Extension) yesterday. The coin had slipped from 2300 SAT last Friday and continued lower until it hit the 2165 SAT support.

XRP has since bounced higher to reach the 2250 SAT level today.

If the bulls can break 2250 SAT, resistance is first located at 2300 SAT (bearish .382 Fib Retracement). Above this, resistance lies at 2350 SAT (bearish .5 Fib Retracement), 2400 SAT, and 2460 SAT.

Alternatively, support lies at 2200 SAT, 2165 SAT, and 2111 SAT.

XRP/BTC. Source: TradingView


LINK saw a substantial 10% price fall over the past seven days, which saw the coin breaking beneath the $10 level and hitting as low as $7.31. There, it found support at a downside 1.272 Fib Extension level, which allowed it to rebound yesterday to reach the $9.90 resistance level today.

If the bulls can break $10, the first level of resistance lies at $10.40. Above this, resistance is found at $11.37 (bearish .382 Fib Retracement), $12, and $12.63 (bearish .5 Fib Retracement).

On the other side, support first lies at $9.00. Beneath this, support is found at $8.67, $8.00, and $7.31.

LINK/USD. Source: TradingView

Against BTC, LINK dropped as low as 0.00072 BTC during the week. It was trading above a 3-month-old rising trend last Friday, but it went on to collapse beneath this support over the weekend. After reaching 0.00072 BTC, LINK bounced higher to get to the current 0.000935 BTC level today. Notice that it has returned to the previous rising trend line, which is now acting as resistance.

Looking ahead, the first level of resistance lies at 0.00095 BTC. This is followed by resistance at 0.001 BTC, 0.00103 BTC (bearish .382 Fib Retracement), and 0.00112 BTC (bearish .5 Fib Retracement).

On the other side, support is first found at 0.00091 BTC. This is followed by support at 0.0082 BTC, 0.00072 BTC, and 0.0007 BTC.

LINK/BTC. Source: TradingView


XTZ saw the steepest price fall on this list as it dropped by 13% over the past 7 days. The coin fell beneath the $2.32 (.618 Fib Retracement) support on Friday and continued lower to crate a new 5-month price low as it reached $1.91. This support held over the past few days, and Tezos rebounded from here yesterday to reach $2.15 today.

Looking ahead, if the bulls break $2.20, resistance is found at $2.32, $2.53 (bearish .382 Fib Retracement), and $2.72 (bearish .5 Fib Retracement).

On the other side, the first two levels of support lie at $2.00 and $1.91. Beneath this, support is expected at $1.74 (.786 Fib Retracement), $1.68, and $1.56.

XTZ/USD. Source: TradingView

Tezos is suffering further against BTC as it produced a 7-month price low this week after reaching 18,600 SAT. The coin has since bounced from here to break back above 20,000 SAT today.

Looking ahead, the first level of resistance lies at 21,000 SAT. This is followed by resistance at 22,000 SAT, 21,750 SAT, and 24,300 SAT.

On the other side, beneath 20,000 SAT, support lies at 19,380 SAT, 18,600 SATm ad 17,600 SAT (.886 Fib Retracement). Added support lies at 16,600 SAT and 15,600 SAT.

XTZ/BTC. Source: TradingView

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Disclaimer: Information found on CryptoPotato is those of writers quoted. It does not represent the opinions of CryptoPotato on whether to buy, sell, or hold any investments. You are advised to conduct your own research before making any investment decisions. Use provided information at your own risk. See Disclaimer for more information.

Cryptocurrency charts by TradingView.


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